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Exit and Entry Administration Law  of the People’s Republic of Chinaedit: Release time2015-12-12 15:48:40  Views
SourceCollege of international cultural exchange, Hainan Universit

Order of the President of the People’s Republic of China

  No. 57

  The Exit and Entry Administration Law of the People’s Republic of Chinaadopted at the 27th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China on June 30, 2012, and is hereby promulgated and shall come into force as of July 1, 2013.

                Hu Jintao

                President of the People’s Republic of<?xml:namespace prefix="st1">China

                June 30, 2012

 

  Exit and Entry Administration Law  of the People’s Republic of China

  (Adopted at the 27th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eleventh National People’s Congress on June 30, 2012)

  Contents

  Chapter I General Provisions

  Chapter II Exit and Entry of Chinese Citizens

  Chapter III Entry and Exit of Foreigners

  Section 1 Visa

  Section 2 Entry and Exit

  Chapter IV Stay and Residence of Foreigners

  Section 1 Stay and Residence

  Section 2 Permanent Residence

Chapter V Border Inspection of Transport Vehicles Exiting/Entering

  China

  Chapter VI Investigation and Repatriation

  Chapter VII Legal Liabilities

  Chapter VIII Supplementary Provisions

  Chapter I

  General Provisions

  Article 1 In order to regulate exit/entry administration, safeguard the sovereignty, security and social order of the People’s Republic of China, and promote foreign exchanges and opening to the outside world, this Law is hereby formulated.

  Article 2 This Law is applicable to the administration of exit and entry of Chinese citizens, entry and exit of foreigners, stay and residence of foreigners inChina, and the exit/entry border inspection of transport vehicles.

  Article 3 The State protects Chinese citizens’ legitimate rights and interests of exiting and entering the country.

  The legitimate rights and interests of foreigners inChinashall be protected by laws. Foreigners inChinashall abide by the Chinese laws, and shall not endangerChina’s national security, harm public interests and disrupt social and public order.

  Article 4 The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, be responsible for administering exit/entry affairs.

  Embassies and consulates of the People’s Republic ofChinaand other institutions stationed abroad entrusted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (hereinafter referred to as “the visa-issuing authorities abroad”) shall be responsible for issuance of entry visas to foreigners. Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall be responsible for carrying out exit/entry border inspection. Public security organs under local people’s governments at or above the county level and their exit/entry administrations shall be responsible for the administration of the stay and residence of foreigners.

  The Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, entrust exit/entry administrations of public security organs or foreign affairs departments under local people’s governments at or above the county level to accept foreigners’ applications for entry, stay and residence inChina.

  In the administration of exit/entry affairs, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall strengthen communication and cooperation, cooperate closely with relevant departments under the State Council, and exercise functions and powers and bear liabilities within the scope of their respective responsibilities in accordance with the law.

  Article 5 The State shall establish a uniform exit/entry administration information platform to share information among relevant administrative departments.

  Article 6 The State shall establish exit/entry border inspection authorities at the ports open to foreign countries.

  Chinese citizens, foreigners as well as transport vehicles shall exit or enterChinavia the ports open to foreign countries, or via the places approved by the State Council or by the departments authorized by the State Council under special circumstances. Personnel and transport vehicles that exit or enterChinashall be subject to exit/entry border inspection.

  Exit/entry border inspection authorities shall be responsible for relevant administration work in the restricted zones of ports. On the basis of the need for safeguarding national security and maintaining the order of exit/entry administration, exit/entry border inspection authorities may conduct border inspection on the belongings of the persons who exit or enterChina. When necessary, exit/entry border inspection authorities may conduct border inspection on the goods carried by transport vehicles that exit or enterChina. However, exit/entry border inspection authorities shall notify the Customs of such inspections.

  Article 7 Upon approval by the State Council, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, on the basis of the need for exit/entry administration, set forth regulations on the collection and keep of fingerprints and other biometric identification information of the persons who exit or enterChina.

  Where foreign governments have special regulations on issuing visas to Chinese citizens or the exit/entry administration of Chinese citizens, the Chinese government may, as the circumstances require, take corresponding and equivalent measures.

  Article 8 Departments and institutions that are responsible for the exit/entry administration shall take practical measures, constantly improve service and administration, enforce laws impartially, provide convenient and efficient service and ensure the security and conveyance of the exit/entry procedures.

  Chapter II

  Exit and Entry of Chinese Citizens

  Article 9 Chinese citizens who exit or enterChinashall, in accordance with the law, apply for passports or other travel documents.

  Chinese citizens bound for other countries or regions shall obtain visas or other entry permits from destination countries, unless the Chinese government has signed visa exemption agreements with the governments of those countries, or otherwise stipulated by the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

  Chinese citizens who exit or enterChinaas seamen or work on foreign ships shall apply for seamen’s certificates in accordance with the law.

  Article 10 Chinese citizens who travel between the Mainland and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, between the Mainland and the Macao Special Administrative Region, and between the Mainland and Taiwan Region, shall apply for exit/entry permits in accordance with the law, and abide by the relevant provisions of this Law. The specific administrative measures shall be stipulated by the State Council.

  Article 11 Chinese citizens who exit or enterChinashall submit their exit/entry documents such as passports or other travel documents to the exit/entry border inspection authorities for examination, go through the prescribed formalities, and may exit or enter upon examination and approval.

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